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Anal Warts

WHAT ARE ANAL WARTS?

Anal warts are a relatively common condition that affects skin around the anus or bottom.  (The medical term used to describe them is condylomata acuminata.) They may also affect the skin of the genital area. They first appear as tiny blebs just raised from the skin surface, they may grow larger or increase in number over a period of time. They often do not cause symptoms and patients may not be aware they have anal warts.

WHERE DO THESE WARTS COME FROM?

They are caused by certain types of human papilloma virus.  This group of viruses are contagious and are transmitted from person to person, almost always by direct contact.

DO THESE WARTS ALWAYS NEED TO BE TREATED?

Yes.  They should be treated unless there are good reasons not to.  If they are not treated, they tend to get larger and increase in number which subsequently makes treatment more difficult.

The presence of anal warts also increases the risk of developing anal cancer.

WHAT TREATMENTS ARE AVAILABLE?

If warts are very small and are located only on the skin around the anus, they can be treated with medications, which are simply painted directly to the surface of the warts. This method usually requires several applications performed at various intervals over several weeks.

Another form of treatment involves more rapid destruction of the warts using electrical cautery, surgical removal or a combination of the two. These procedures can be done under local anaesthetic but  a general anaesthetic is usually best with local anaesthetic used as post operative pain relief.

Warts inside the anal canal are not suitable for treatment by medications and surgical treatment is recommended.

WILL A SINGLE TREATMENT CURE THE PROBLEM?

Unfortunately repeat procedures are commonly needed. Many patients develop new warts after treatment. This is because viruses that cause the warts remain dormant in the skin allowing the development of new warts.

WHAT CAN BE DONE TO AVOID GETTING THESE WARTS AGAIN?

In some cases, warts may recur repeatedly after successful removal, since the virus that causes the warts often persists in a dormant state in body tissues.

In addition to treatment continued observation for several months after the last wart has been spotted improves the success rate of treatment.

Abstinence from sexual contact (or in the least the use of condoms) during the treatment is essential for success.

Sexual partners should also be checked, even if they have no symptoms.

If you wish to arrange an appointment with Dr. Rob Church at Al Zahra Hospital Dubai

Contact Al Zahra Call Center on +971 4-378-6666